Must-See Barcelona Museums: From the Romans to the New Generation

Romans in Barcelona? Really? Yes, Barcelona can be traced back to an ancient Roman settlement from 218 B.C. called Barcino! You might not be aware of this – after all, Barcelona is much better known for its Gothic district or Gaudí and modernism.

But Barcelona has some exciting museums on ancient Roman times to offer too! So, let’s take a tour of the Barcelona museums landscape.

We’ll also cover some more must-see Barcelona museums from other eras, including contemporary art, which can be found all over Barcelona as well – because Barcelona is international, up to date, and always goes with the times!

Barcelona’s Underworld?

In Barcelona’s City History Museum, you can experience the city’s past in an unusual way. All seems fairly normal when you enter the palace, but then the adventure begins: You enter an elevator and go from today’s Barcelona down into Roman Barcino – to the underworld, so to speak…

Visitors can explore each dig site by walking along footbridges. Among them are an old wash-house, a wine cellar, and a fishery – the history is so close you can almost feel it.

Want to be close to Columbus as well? Then get ready: the museum exit passes through the old royal palace. Here you can make a quick detour to the “Sala Tinell”, the hall where, according to legend, Columbus presented the first of his bounties from the New World to Queen Isabella I in 1493.

Museu d’Història de Barcelona

A Roman jug at Museu d’Història de Barcelona
© Céline Mülich, 2013-2016 | Courtesy of Museu d’Història de Barcelona

A Roman Temple in the Old Town!

Hidden away in a small side-street behind the Cathedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia, you will find the Temple of Augustus. Even most locals don’t know about this fascinating place! It’s hidden in a small alley called Carrer del Paradís, behind the walls of a residential building. Inside of one of the courtyards, you are met by four columns that used to be part of an ancient Roman temple. It was built-in the 1st century B.C. in honour of Emperor Augustus.

Over the centuries, the temple became continually less important, so the stones used to build the temple were re-used in other buildings – including these columns.

Luckily, in 1904, the decision was made to publicly exhibit these columns. The result is a very unusual place where the ancient meets the present – after all, the neighbouring residents and their kitchens, televisions, and other entertainment make for a very unique auditory experience.

Temple of Augustus

Temple of Augustus
© Céline Mülich, 2013-2016

1,000 Years of Art in One Museum

If you look up from Plaça d’Espanya towards Montjuïc, you will see this enormous palace – the MNAC. The building was erected in 1926 for the 1929 World’s Fair and hosts 1,000 years of Catalan-Spanish art. Which is precisely why it’s part of this article. There’s nowhere else in the world where you can find such a concentration of Catalan-Spanish art in one single building.

Would you like to walk through a church inside of the museum? Yes? The section on medieval art – Romanesque art, to be precise – gets very special treatment here. Church frescoes were carefully deconstructed and then reconstructed in a dome-shaped architecture. It’s just like walking through a church.

Of course you’ll also find renaissance, baroque and modern works here, including pieces by Ramon Casas, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, and Salvador Dalí. And the view from the MNAC steps out onto Plaça d’Espanya is nothing to sniff at, either.


The Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya (MNAC)
© Céline Mülich, 2015-2016 | Courtesy of MNAC

Underwater Worlds and Fantastic Creatures

No, this is not a museum for children. This section is about Antoni Gaudí! He influenced the Barcelona cityscape like no other, and Casa Batlló is the most exceptional of all his buildings.

The building was created as early as 1877. But when Josef Batlló purchased it, he wanted to turn it into something else. So he contracted Gaudí in 1904 to convert it.

And Gaudí went wild: the old façade was turned into an underwater world. Its wavy shape and the ceramic and glass mosaics appear to sparkle and glisten – just like a world under water would.

The rooftop terrace got a “fantastic” treatment, too: The front part resembles the back of a dragon. And that dragon watches over the Casa Batlló.

Casa Batlló façade

Casa Batlló façade
© Celine Mülich, 2013-2016|All rights reserved, Casa Batlló S.L.

The Modernist Furniture Shop

But wait! Catalan Modernism has more to offer than just architecture! Furniture, mirrors, lamps, glass works, sculptures, and paintings show all the uniqueness of the era. In the Museo del Modernismo del Barcelona, you will find wonderful examples, as listed above. But don’t get too excited: the furniture is, unfortunately, not for sale.

Still, feast yourself on the attention to detail: the furniture is decorated with snails, bats, and woman figurines. Most of the sculptures show beautiful portraits of women, and the paintings will entice you to experience what day-to-day life might have been like in those days.

Museo del Modernismo

Furniture at the Museo del Modernismo de Barcelona
© Céline Mülich, 2015-2016 | Courtesy of the Museo del Modernismo

On Skaters and Contemporary Art

When you walk through the Raval district’s narrow side streets, you will eventually hear the skaters, skating and jumping about. When you do, you’ll be very close to the MACBA.

At this point, you’re squarely in the here and now. Because Barcelona has more than just a grand history to investigate, it also always goes with the times, a fact that becomes very clear in this museum.

The building is worth a visit in and of itself. The North American architect Richard Meier designed this building, which stands in stark contrast to the surrounding Raval district. It has hosted regular exhibits featuring local and international artists since 1995. The exhibits are often political or socially critical in nature. The works themselves range from abstract paintings to film, photography, and performance art.


Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA)
© Céline Mülich, 2013-2016 | Courtesy of MACBA

An Undiscovered Pearl of Figurative Art

And now, for something completely different: The Museu Europeu d’Art Modern (MEAM) is dedicated to figurative contemporary art. What does that mean, exactly? Well, you’ll find Catalan/Spanish and, on occasion, international artists who are known for their figurative art. Their paintings seem so real, you’ll be surprised to see that they aren’t actually photographs. The sculptures feel almost as if they were alive with emotions, and the drawings will absolutely fascinate you.

This Barcelona museum opened in 2011 and has a very particular charm that’s quite easy to fall for: a museum of modern art inside of an old palace from the 18th century.

And then there’s the classical music in the background, and you almost feel as if you had the entire place all to yourself…

Art at the MEAM

Painting on the left: Juan Manuel Cossío, “De natura II”, 2006; Painting on the right: Juan Manuel Cossío, “Umbilical I” (The Umbilical Cord I), 2006; Sculptor: Antonio Santín Benito, “Estudio para torso” (Study of a Torso), 2008
© Céline Mülich, 2013-2016 | Courtesy of MEAM

Barcelona Museum appCéline Mülich used to live in Frankfurt, Germany, before moving to Barcelona. She worked for two local museums, and eventually, she decided to make more of her passion. She developed the website Barcelona Museum (English and German). On her website, you can find information on all the museums and sights in Barcelona and get an idea of what to see before you visit the city.

In February 2016, she launched a matching app, which gives you everything you need to make sure you don’t miss one of the many great museums, even when you’re on the road! The app is free and available for iOS and Android (in English).

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